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2017年六大新珊瑚和蟹类品种

2018-12-22 18:00| 发布者: admin| 查看: 95| 评论: 0


 

虽然在2017年新发现的珊瑚物种较少,但我们看到了许多新品种的蟹类和寄居蟹。另外,2017年是新发现的礁鱼数量最多的一年,我们甚至无法将一些新的隆头鱼列入“2017年十大新礁鱼物种

 

尽管如此,科学家为我们揭示了无脊椎动物中确实有一些非常有趣的物种。例如,哈利波特蟹的命名是为了向哈利波特致敬,还有两种寄居蟹,一种是洞穴中的寄生虫清洁工,另一种栖息在异沙珊瑚中,它们都相当迷人。

 

此外,我们报道过几种更有趣的新珊瑚品种。人们在豪勋爵岛远处发现了一种常见的刺星珊瑚,并在红海发现了另一种刺星珊瑚。然而,生活在深海的软珊瑚Sinularia mesophotica可能是最令人感兴趣的,因为它打破了光合软珊瑚生存的已知最大深度。

这种新发现的糖果色寄居蟹也是鱼类的清洁工


这种寄居蟹栖息在活珊瑚中,珊瑚成了它的背包


在澳大利亚豪勋爵岛发现的新种珊瑚Cyphastrea salae


以哈利波特命名的新种螃蟹


在红海发现的新种石珊瑚Cyphastrea magna


深海光合软珊瑚Sinularia mesophotic

原文:

This year gave us a bumper crop of new neat little crabs and hermit crab species although it was kind of mild on the new coral species front. Any given year it’s impossible to compare the number of new reef fish species described – this year we even had to split off the best new wrasse species from the top 10 new species of reef fish!

 

Nevertheless, the invertebrates that scientists revealed to the world on our last orbit of the sun do include some very fun and interesting species. There was one little crab that paid homage to Harry Potter but the two hermit crabs, one that is a parasite cleaner in caves, and another that uses walking dendro corals as a home, are actually quite fascinating. 

 

Meanwhile the few new species of corals we covered are interesting more for where they come from then what they are. We had a familiar Cyphastrea from far flung Lord Howe Island and another Cyphastrea from the exotic Red Sea. However it’s the deep living Sinularia mesophotica which is perhaps the most interesting to learn about, pushing the boundaries of how deep photosynthetic soft corals are known to live. 

 

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