本周,我家发生了一件创伤事件。我的家人和宠物病得很严重,狗狗还濒临死亡。一连串的事件导致我的家里充满了雾化的海葵毒素。

这周发生的事改变了我的生活。在某种程度上,我感谢我的家人和狗还活着,但这次事件在我的心理上留下了永久的印记。我感到十分内疚自责。一边听着家人的呼吸声,一边盯着我的狗看,我写下这篇文章。

虽然我已经尽了一切努力确保我们家的安全(漂白、臭氧、过滤器、紫外线消毒处理),但我仍然很担心。希望我和我的家人再也不会经历这样的事。

以下是这些事件和背景的叙述。我9岁的女儿十分热爱珊瑚礁,当我有点钱,我花了一年时间到处收集所需的各部分,为她构建一个美丽的珊瑚缸。我买的其中一件物品是几年前破坏别人鱼缸的一些“干”岩石。

干(曾经)活石中可能残余岩沙海葵(和海葵毒素)

卖给我岩石的那家伙不是专业的水族养殖者,但他有一堆物品出售。这些岩石保存在密封的容器里。当他从他的鱼缸中拿出来的时候,我相信他对岩石有些了解。

但岩石中有珊瑚死亡后留下毒素。之后我们开始对珊瑚缸进行安装,并在周一完成。

珊瑚缸看起来很棒! 周二早上,我在缸中放满了RODI,并测试了管道。直到中午,一切看起来都不错,所以我把盐倒入珊瑚缸。大部分盐是无水盐混合物。 你可能也知道无水盐与水反应会生成许多热量。

当我把盐均匀撒布时,它覆盖着岩石。 我相信这是让海葵毒素复活的原因。经过一整天的忙碌,珊瑚缸终于开始运作了。后来我开始喉咙沙哑,应该是感冒了,但我还有工作要做,就没有在意。

那天下午,我的妻子哮喘严重发作。我们都不知道原因,房子里也没有触发哮喘的东西。她服药几小时后感觉好多了。星期三那天,我们大部分时间在外面。除了咳嗽外,我们没有出现其他不适。

周三晚上,我的儿子开始咳嗽得很厉害,我只是以为全家人都感冒了。后来事情就变得更严重了。周四早上,我让孩子们开始学习(他们在家上学)。我看着珊瑚缸,它有点发黄,所以我启动了蛋白质分离器,看看能否去除一些有机物。

开启蛋白质分离器几个小时后,我和孩子们咳嗽越来越严重。我让他们暂停学习。我去了楼上,我的妻子再一次哮喘严重发作。我想知道到底是什么问题,然后我看到我家的老拉布拉多也呼吸困难。

我立即意识到危险,把大家撤离到后院。这时,我家7个月大的小狗走到我们身边,它不断流口水、发抖。必须打911请求救援了。紧急救援人员来到我家,检查了我们所有人。我和我的孩子经过治疗后好转。但我的妻子由于疼痛和呼吸困难,被送到当地急诊室。

我连忙把狗狗送到兽医那里,医生将它们放进氧气室并给它们输液。包括狗狗在内,所有人都进行了抽血和毒素筛查。结果显示我们并非感染常见的毒素。医生不知道海葵毒素也没有做相关测试。

应急服务人员严格检查了我的房子,但没有检测到毒素。海葵毒素是难以检测出来的。每个人都想弄清楚我们发生了什么。通过谷歌搜索、与一些朋友以及我在水族领域认识的人通话后,我们终于明白发生了什么。

在我家水族箱里的岩石上隐藏着海葵毒素。

无水盐的水分和热量可能激活了毒素。

蛋白质分离器将海葵毒素气化,释放小气泡时将毒素散播到空气中。

水族箱中的小气泡或蛋白质分离器造出的气泡使毒素“雾化”,从而飘浮在空气中。

我们并不是此类毒素的第一个受害者。通过谷歌搜索阅读类似新闻,您会知道还有更多家庭和宠物差点因此死亡,而且在某些案例中宠物确实死亡。我从中得到了什么教训?永远不要相信买回的任何岩石,在使用前一定要对岩石进行消毒!

一定要漂白、沸水消毒买回的岩石(或购买干净的干岩石)。处理岩石或珊瑚时,即使是处理干岩石,也要穿着防护服。我会因为这件事而停止养珊瑚吗?不会!我非常喜欢珊瑚,这次的事故不会让我放弃我的爱好。

绝对不能夸大海葵毒素的危害!

尽管如此,我真诚地希望能够广泛分享这个故事,防止其再次发生。现在我们的生活正在重回正轨。受毒素的影响我们还有点不适,但每天都在改善。我的第一个计划是让我的女儿高兴,她真的很伤心。

她知道当时别无选择,只能放弃她的水族箱。她非常可爱,让我从内疚中振作起来。她知道还需要很长时间才能让水族箱再次运作。虽然购买岩石和沙子花费不多,但急诊室账单、兽医账单为1000美元,以及清理费用加起来花费巨大。

(我们扔掉了水族箱内所有东西并进行了消毒然后搬回到房子住。)

祝大家快乐和安全地养缸!

原文:

A traumatic event happened at my house this week. My family and pets became very sick and in the dogs case, near death. A chain of events lead to my house being filled with aerosolized Palytoxin.

This week’s event in our house changed my life. In one way I am thankful that my family and dogs are still alive, but the event has left a permanent mark psychologically. The guilt I have been feeling is a heavy weight on my shoulders. As I am writing this I listen to every breath my family takes, and am watching my dogs like hawks.

The anxiety of it all is very consuming even though I have done everything I can to make sure our house is safe (Bleach, Ozone, Hepa, UV treatments) I am writing this in hopes that what happened to me and my family doesn’t ever happen again.

Here is the chain of events and a bit of background. For a year I have been gathering parts here and there when I had the money to build a softy reef tank for my 9 Year old daughter who loves everything reef. One of the items I bought is some “Dried” rock from a guy that had broken down his tank several years ago.

Dry (formerly) live rock might have residual palythoa (and palytoxin)

He was not a serious reefer, but had a bunch of items he was getting rid of. The rock was in sealed containers, but I believe he had some zoas or palys on the rocks when he pulled it out of his tank, and the coral died leaving toxins. With that being said we started plumbing the tank and getting the ‘scaping done on Monday.

The tank looked great! Tuesday morning I started filling the tank with RODI, and tested the plumbing. All was looking good by mid afternoon, so I started dumping salt into the tank. Most of the salt was an anhydrous salt mix (no, I am not going to name a manufacture). As you may or may not know anhydrous salt reacts with water
and gets very hot.

The salt was covering the rock as I spread it out all over the place. I truly believe this was when the Palytoxin got literally cooked off the rock. With the tank running, I went about my day. Later that day I started getting a scratchy throat. Figured I had a cold coming on, but I tend to ignore and push through when there is work to be done.

That same afternoon my wife, who is an asthmatic, had a pretty severe attack. Neither of us could figure out why, because there was no normal “triggers” present in the house. She medicated herself and a few hours later was feeling much better. We were out of the house most of Wednesday and besides a cough here and there, we were not having any issues.

Wednesday night my son started coughing pretty heavily, and again I am just thinking “great the whole family is getting a cold” Here is when things took a turn for the worse in a hurry. Thursday morning I get my kids into their schoolwork (we home school), and I look at the tank and it looks slightly yellow, so I decide to start the protein skimmer to see if I can get out some of the organics.

Within several hours of starting the protein skimmer, my kids and I coughs were getting progressively worse. To the point I told them to stop schoolwork. I go up stairs and my wife is starting yet another massive asthma attack (or at least I thought it was). At this point I am shaking my head wondering what’s going on, and then I see that my older labrador is struggling to breath.

I immediately tossed the red flag and evacuated everyone to the back yard. It was at this time my 7 month old lab puppy came up to us drooling and shivering. It was time for 911. The emergency crews came to my house, and examined all of us. My kids and I were treated and released, but my wife was taken to a local ER due to her pain and labored breathing.

I rushed my dogs to the local vet where they were put in oxygen chambers and given fluids. Everyone including the dogs had blood draws and toxin screens. All came back clear of normal toxins. Mind you they do not understand nor do they test for Palytoxins!

My house was heavily scrutinized by emergency services with ZERO detectable toxins. Again this is just not a normal thing you can scan for. Everyone is just shaking their heads trying to figure out what just happened to this family. After some brain storming with some friends, a little Google, and some calls to people I know in the field, we finally figured out what happened.

Palytoxins were present on the rocks that I installed in the tank.

Rehydration and heat from anhydrous salt likely activated the toxin.

Protein skimmer emitting large amounts of micro bubbles into the tank aerosolized the Palytoxins into the air.

Microbubbles in the tank or from a protein skimmer can ‘aerosolize’ toxins from an aquarium, making them airborne.

My family is not the first to fall victim to this as you can do a Google search and read other stories like mine where families and pets nearly died, and in some cases the pets did die. What lessons did I learn from this? Never ever trust any rock you get. Always sanitize rock before use!

Sanitize the rock outside your home (or buy clean dry rock to start with). ALWAYS wear protective gear when handling rock or corals. Even dry rock! Will this stop me from reefing? No way! I love it too much to let a freak accident stop me from a hobby I love.

The danger and potency of toxins from Palythoa can NOT be overstated!

With that being said however, I do sincerely hope that this story is shared everywhere so this doesn’t happen again to anyone. Right now I need to get back to building our life back up. We all still have some left over affects of the toxins, but are improving every day. My first project is to cheer my daughter up who is really sad.

While she knows that there was little choice at the time to break down her tank (she has been very sweet to cheer me up from my guilt), she knows she will have to wait a long time to get her tank running again because after the ER bill, $1000 vet bill, and clean up costs, buying rock and sand just isn’t in the cards.

(We threw out everything and bleached the tank in the haste of getting our house back).
Happy and Safe Reefing!